Governor-General of Grenada

Representative of the monarch of Grenada

Governor-General of Grenada
Coat of arms of Grenada.svg
Flag of the Governor-General of Grenada.svg
Dame Cecile La Grenade 01 (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Dame Cécile La Grenade

since 7 May 2013
Viceroy
StyleHer Excellency
ResidenceGovernment House, St. George's
AppointerMonarch of Grenada
Term lengthAt His Majesty's pleasure[1]
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Grenada
Formation7 February 1974
First holderSir Leo de Gale
SalaryEC$ 148,539 annually
WebsiteOffice of the Governor-General
Coat of arms of Grenada.svg
Legislative
Administrative divisions (parishes)
  • v
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The governor-general of Grenada is the vice-regal representative of the Grenadian monarch, currently King Charles III, in Grenada. The governor-general is appointed by the monarch on the recommendation of the prime minister of Grenada. The functions of the governor-general include appointing ministers, judges, and ambassadors; giving royal assent to legislation passed by the Grenadian Parliament; and issuing writs for election.

In general, the governor-general observes the conventions of the Westminster system and responsible government, maintaining a political neutrality, and has to always act only on the advice of the prime minister. The governor-general also has a ceremonial role: hosting events at the official residence—Government House in the capital, St. George's—and and bestowing honours to individuals and groups who are contributing to Grenada and to their communities. When travelling abroad, the governor-general is seen as the representative of Grenada and its monarch.

Governors-general formally serve "at the monarch's pleasure". Since 7 May 2013, the governor-general has been Dame Cécile La Grenade.

The office of the governor-general was created on 7 February 1974, when Grenada gained independence from the United Kingdom as a sovereign state and an independent constitutional monarchy. Since then, 6 individuals have served as governor-general.

Appointment

The governor-general is formally appointed by the monarch of Grenada. When a new governor-general is to be appointed, the current prime minister recommends a name to the monarch, who by convention accepts that recommendation. At the installation ceremony, the new governor-general takes an Oath of Allegiance and Office.[1]

Functions

Grenada shares the person of the sovereign equally with 14 other countries in the Commonwealth of Nations. As the sovereign works and resides predominantly outside of Grenadian borders, the governor-general's primary task is to perform the monarch's constitutional duties on his or her behalf. As such, the governor-general carries out his or her functions in the government of Grenada on behalf and in the name of the Sovereign, but is not involved in the day-to day running of the government.[2]

The governor-general's powers and roles are derive from the Grenadian constitution's Section 19 to 22, which set out certain provisions relating to the governor-general.[1]

Constitutional role

The governor-general is responsible for summoning, proroguing, and dissolving parliament and issues writs for new elections.[2] After an election, the governor-general formally requests the leader of the political party which gains the support of a majority in parliament to form a government. the governor-general commissions the prime minister and appoints other ministers after the election.[3]

The governor-general, on the Sovereign's behalf, gives royal assent to laws passed by the Parliament of Grenada.[4][2]

The governor-general also appoints state judges, ministers ambassadors and high commissioners to overseas countries, and other senior government officials.[2]

The governor-general may, in certain circumstances, exercise without – or contrary to – ministerial advice. These are known as the reserve powers, and include:

  • appointing a prime minister if an election has resulted in a 'hung parliament'.
  • dismissing the prime minister who has lost the confidence of the parliament.
  • dismissing any minister acting unlawfully.
  • refusing to dissolve the House of Representatives despite a request from the prime minister.

Ceremonial role

US Ambassador to Grenada Linda Swartz Taglialatela presents credentials to Governor-General La Grenade

The governor-general's ceremonial duties include opening new sessions of parliament by delivering the Speech from the Throne, welcoming visiting heads of state, and receiving the credentials of foreign diplomats.[2]

The governor-general also presents honours at investitures to Grenadians for notable service to the community, or for acts of bravery.[5]

Community role

The governor-general provides non-partisan leadership in the community, acting as patron of many charitable, service, sporting and cultural organisations, and attending functions throughout the country.

The governor-general also encourages, articulates and represents those things that unite Grenadians together. In this role, the governor-general:

  • attends charitable, social, and civic events across the country.[2]
  • accepts patronage of many national, charitable, cultural, educational, sporting and professional organisations.[2]
  • visits and gives speeches at non-governmental organisations.[2]

Privileges

Through the passage of the National Honours and Awards Act in 2007, Grenada established two national orders: the Order of Grenada and the Prestige Order of the National Hero. The governor-general, serves as the Chancellor of all these orders.[6]

Salary

The governor-general receives an annual salary of EC$ 148,539.[7]

Symbols

Flag of the governor-general of Grenada

The governor-general uses a personal flag, which features a lion passant atop a St. Edward's royal crown with "Grenada" written on a scroll underneath, all on a blue background. It is flown on buildings and other locations in Grenada to mark the governor-general's presence.

Residence

Government House in St. George's is the official residence of the governor-general of Grenada. Since Government House was destroyed by Hurricane Ivan in 2004 however, the Governor-General has resided in a residence in Point Salines, south of the capital.

List of governors-general

Following is a list of people who have served as governor-general of Grenada since independence in 1974.

  Denotes Acting Governors-General
No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Monarch
(Reign)
Took office Left office Time in office
1 Coat of arms of Grenada (shield).svg Sir Leo de Gale
(1921–1986)
7 February
1974
4 October
1978
4 years, 239 days Her Majesty The Queen (1959).jpg
Elizabeth II
Coat of arms of Grenada.svg
(1974–2022)
2 Paul Scoon (cropped).jpg Sir Paul Scoon
(1935–2013)
4 October
1978
31 July
1992
13 years, 301 days
Coat of arms of Grenada (shield).svg Reginald Palmer
(1923–2016)
Acting Governor-General
31 July
1992
6 August
1992
6 days
3 Coat of arms of Grenada (shield).svg Sir Reginald Palmer
(1923–2016)
6 August
1992
8 August
1996
4 years, 2 days
4 Sir Daniel Williams (cropped).jpg Sir Daniel Williams
(b. 1935)
8 August
1996
18 November
2008
12 years, 102 days
Vacant (18 – 27 November 2008)
5 SirCarlyleGlean.jpg Sir Carlyle Glean
(1932–2021)
27 November
2008
7 May
2013
4 years, 161 days
6 Dame Cecile La Grenade 01 (cropped).jpg Dame Cécile La Grenade
(b. 1952)
7 May
2013
Incumbent 9 years, 140 days
Charles, Prince of Wales in 2021 (cropped) (3).jpg
Charles III
Coat of arms of Grenada.svg
(2022–present)

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Grenada's Constitution of 1973, Reinstated in 1991, with Amendments through 1992 (PDF), p. 22-23, retrieved 25 April 2022
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Sir Paul Scoon (2003), Survival for Service: My Experiences as Governor General of Grenada, Macmillan Caribbean, p. 10-11, ISBN 9780333970645
  3. ^ Grenada's Constitution of 1973, Reinstated in 1991, with Amendments through 1992 (PDF), p. 44, retrieved 25 April 2022
  4. ^ Grenada's Constitution of 1973, Reinstated in 1991, with Amendments through 1992 (PDF), p. 37, retrieved 25 April 2022
  5. ^ 6 Grenadians Receive Badges of Honour
  6. ^ Chapter 204A National Honours and Awards Act | Government of Grenada
  7. ^ Government of Grenada. "Estimates of Revenue and Expenditure for the year 2020" (PDF). www.gov.gd.

External links

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