IntelliJ IDEA

Integrated development environment
IntelliJ IDEA
IntelliJ IDEA Icon.svg
Intellij IDEA 2021.1 Community Edition screenshot.png
IntelliJ IDEA 2021.1 Community Edition
Developer(s)JetBrains
Initial release1.0 / January 2001; 21 years ago (2001-01)
Stable release
2022.2.2 / 14 September 2022; 19 days ago (2022-09-14)[1]
Written inJava, Kotlin
Operating systemWindows, macOS, Linux
TypeJava IDE
License
  • Community edition: Apache License 2.0
  • Ultimate edition: Trialware
Websitewww.jetbrains.com/idea/

IntelliJ IDEA is an integrated development environment (IDE) written in Java for developing computer software written in Java, Kotlin, Groovy, and other JVM-based languages. It is developed by JetBrains (formerly known as IntelliJ), and is available as an Apache 2 Licensed community edition,[2] and in a proprietary commercial edition. Both can be used for commercial development.[3][4]

History

The first version of IntelliJ IDEA was released in January 2001, and was one of the first available Java IDEs with advanced code navigation and code refactoring capabilities integrated.[5][6]

In 2009, JetBrains released the source code for IntelliJ IDEA under the open-source Apache License 2.0.[7][8] JetBrains also began distributing a limited version of IntelliJ IDEA consisting of open-source features under the moniker Community Edition. The commercial Ultimate Edition provides additional features and remains available for a fee.

In a 2010 InfoWorld report, IntelliJ received the highest test center score out of the four top Java programming tools: Eclipse, IntelliJ IDEA, NetBeans and JDeveloper.[9]

In December 2014, Google announced version 1.0 of Android Studio, an open-source IDE for Android apps, based on the open source community edition.[10] Other development environments based on IntelliJ's framework include AppCode, CLion, DataGrip, GoLand, PhpStorm, PyCharm, Rider, RubyMine, WebStorm, and MPS.[11]

System requirements

Windows macOS Linux
OS Version 64 Bit Microsoft Windows 8 or later macOS 10.13 or later Any Linux distribution that supports Gnome, KDE, or Unity DE[12]
RAM 2 GB RAM minimum, 8 GB RAM recommended
Disk space 2.5 GB and another 1 GB for caches minimum, solid-state drive with at least 5 GB of free space recommended
JDK Version Add support for Java 16[13]
JRE Version JRE 11 is bundled.[12]
Screen resolution 1024×768 minimum screen resolution. 1920×1080 is a recommended screen resolution.

Features

Coding assistance

The IDE provides certain features[14] like code completion by analyzing the context, code navigation which allows jumping to a class or declaration in the code directly, code refactoring, code debugging[15] , linting and options to fix inconsistencies via suggestions.

Built in tools and integration

The IDE provides[14] integration with build/packaging tools like grunt, bower, gradle, and SBT. It supports version control systems like Git, Mercurial, Perforce, and SVN. Databases like Microsoft SQL Server, Oracle, PostgreSQL, SQLite and MySQL can be accessed directly from the IDE in the Ultimate edition, through an embedded version of DataGrip.

Plugin ecosystem

IntelliJ supports plugins through which one can add additional functionality to the IDE. Plugins can be downloaded and installed either from IntelliJ's plugin repository website or through the IDE's inbuilt plugin search and install feature. Each edition has separate plugin repositories, with both the Community and Ultimate editions totaling over 3000 plugins each as of 2019.[16]

Supported languages

The Community and Ultimate editions differ in their support for various programming languages as shown in the following table.[17]

Supported in both Community and Ultimate Edition:

Supported in both Community and Ultimate Edition via plugins:


Supported only in Ultimate Edition:

Supported only in Ultimate Edition via plugins:

Technologies and frameworks[17]

Supported in both Community and Ultimate Edition:


Supported only in Ultimate Edition:

There was a free plugin from Atlassian for IntelliJ available to integrate with JIRA,[30] Bamboo, Crucible and FishEye. However, the software called IDE-Connector was discontinued on June 1, 2015.[31]

Software versioning and revision control

The two editions also differ in their support[17] for software versioning and revision control systems.

Supported in both Community and Ultimate Edition:

Supported only in Ultimate Edition:

See also

  • Free and open-source software portal

Bibliography

  • Saunders, Stephen; Fields, Duane K.; Belayev, Eugene (March 1, 2006), IntelliJ IDEA in Action (1st ed.), Manning, p. 450, ISBN 1-932394-44-3
  • Davydov, S.; Efimov, A. (May 2005), IntelliJ IDEA. Professional'noe programmirovanie na Java (V podlinnike) (1st ed.), BHV, p. 800, ISBN 5-94157-607-2

References

  1. ^ "Download IntelliJ IDEA: The Java IDE for Professional Developers by JetBrains". JetBrains. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  2. ^ "JetBrains/intellij-community". GitHub.
  3. ^ "FAQ - IntelliJ Open-Source Project - Confluence". www.jetbrains.org. Archived from the original on 2020-07-28.
  4. ^ "Can I use Community Editions of JetBrains IDEs for developing commercial proprietary software?". JetBrains. Retrieved 29 June 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ^ "IntelliJ IDEA :: Java refactoring plus sophisticated code refactoring for JSP, XML, CSS, HTML, JavaScript". JetBrains.
  6. ^ Fowler, Martin. "Crossing Refactoring's Rubicon". MartinFowler.com.
  7. ^ "JetBrains' IntelliJ IDEA Goes Open Source". The JetBrains Blog. 15 October 2009. Retrieved 4 September 2022.
  8. ^ Pronschinske, Mitch (15 October 2009). "IntelliJ IDEA Goes Open Source". dzone.com. Retrieved 4 September 2022.
  9. ^ Binstock, Andrew (22 September 2010). "InfoWorld review: Top Java programming tools". InfoWorld.
  10. ^ "Google releases Android Studio 1.0, the first stable version of its IDE". VentureBeat. 8 December 2014.
  11. ^ "What is the IntelliJ Platform?". VentureBeat. 23 February 2015.
  12. ^ a b "Install IntelliJ IDEA – System requirements". www.jetbrains.com.
  13. ^ "What's New in IntelliJ IDEA 2020.1". www.jetbrains.com.
  14. ^ a b "IntelliJ IDEA :: Features". JetBrains. Retrieved 2016-02-07.
  15. ^ Roman Beskrovnyi, "Debugging in IntelliJ IDEA: a beginner's guide", CodeGym.cc blog, 16 March 2020
  16. ^ "JetBrains Plugins Repository". plugins.jetbrains.com. Retrieved 2019-07-14.
  17. ^ a b c "IntelliJ IDEA Editions Comparison". JetBrains. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  18. ^ "Cursive - Plugins - JetBrains". JetBrains Plugin Repository.
  19. ^ "CloudSlang - Plugins - JetBrains". JetBrains Plugin Repository.
  20. ^ "Elm - Plugins - JetBrains". JetBrains Plugin Repository.
  21. ^ van der Kleij, Rik. "Haskell - Plugins - JetBrains". JetBrains Plugin Repository.
  22. ^ "Julia - Plugins - JetBrains". JetBrains Plugin Repository.
  23. ^ "sylvanaar2 / Lua For IDEA / wiki / Home — Bitbucket". bitbucket.org.
  24. ^ "Python Community Edition - Plugins - JetBrains". JetBrains Plugin Repository.
  25. ^ "JetBrains Delights the Python Community with a Free Edition of its Famous IDE, PyCharm 3.0". jetbrains.com. 24 September 2013.
  26. ^ ""Jetbrains R language support"".
  27. ^ JetBrains. "Rust". JetBrains Plugins. Retrieved 2019-12-10.
  28. ^ Cheptsov, Andrey (4 August 2017). "Official Support for Open-Source Rust Plugin for IntelliJ IDEA, CLion, and Other JetBrains IDEs". JetBrains Blog. Retrieved 2019-12-10.
  29. ^ "Built-in SBT Support in IntelliJ IDEA 13". JetBrains. 18 November 2013.
  30. ^ "IDE Connectors". Atlassian. Archived from the original on 2011-10-18. Retrieved 2009-02-07.
  31. ^ "We are discontinuing the support for Atlassian IDE Connectors - Atlassian Developers". developer.atlassian.com.
  32. ^ JetBrains. "TFS". JetBrains Plugins. Retrieved 2019-12-10.
  33. ^ Microsoft. "Azure DevOps". JetBrains Plugins. Retrieved 2019-12-10.
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