Martin Horwood

British Liberal Democrat politician

Martin Horwood
Martin Horwood Glasgow 2014.jpg
Martin Horwood in 2014
Member of the European Parliament
for South West England
In office
2 July 2019 – 31 January 2020
Preceded byClare Moody
Succeeded byConstituency abolished
Member of Parliament
for Cheltenham
In office
5 May 2005 – 30 March 2015
Preceded byNigel Jones
Succeeded byAlex Chalk
Personal details
Born
Martin Charles Horwood

(1962-10-12) 12 October 1962 (age 60)
Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, England
Political partyLiberal Democrats
Spouse
Shona Arora
(m. 1995)
Children2
Alma materThe Queen's College, Oxford

Martin Charles Horwood (born 12 October 1962) is a British Liberal Democrat politician who represented South West England in the European Parliament from 2019 to 2020. He previously served as the Member of Parliament for Cheltenham from 2005 to 2015.

During his tenure, he founded the All-Party Parliamentary Group for Tribal Peoples. Horwood now serves as Director of Engagement and Impact at Development Initiatives.

Early life and education

Cheltenham College

Horwood was born in St. Paul's, Cheltenham. His parents lived first in St. Mark's and then in Leckhampton, where his mother still lives.[1]

He attended two independent schools in Cheltenham, Pate's Junior School and Cheltenham College.[2] At the latter, he was a contemporary of fellow MP Chris Bryant and sat next to him in English classes.[3] He joined the Cheltenham Young Liberals in 1979 while still at school.[1]

In 1981, he went on to read Modern History at The Queen's College, Oxford, and was elected president of the Oxford Student Liberal Society and then chair of the party's national student wing, the Union of Liberal Students.[4]

Parliamentary career

Horwood speaking at a reception in the Houses of Parliament, June 2009

Horwood stood twice unsuccessfully before gaining election. In 1992, he was defeated by Labour's Andrew Smith in the seat of Oxford East, he came third with 13% share of the vote. In 2001, he came third in Cities of London and Westminster, with 15.4% share of the vote.

Horwood was adopted as parliamentary candidate for Cheltenham following the decision by sitting Liberal Democrat MP Nigel Jones to stand down. Horwood was elected at the 2005 general election, winning the seat with a majority of 2,303 over the Conservatives, although the Liberal Democrats' share of the vote fell by 6.2%.[5]

He was appointed by his party to the select committee scrutinising the work of the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister – now the Department for Communities and Local Government.[6]

In July 2005, then party leader Charles Kennedy appointed Horwood to the Shadow Home Affairs team, before he was promoted by Menzies Campbell to be Shadow Environment Minister, under Chris Huhne, whom Horwood had backed in the party's leadership election.[6]

Horwood was the chairman and founder of the All-Party Parliamentary Group for Tribal Peoples. Created in 2007, the APPG for Tribal Peoples is composed of over 30 cross-party MPs and peers with the aim of raising parliamentary and public awareness of tribal peoples. Its secretariat is the international indigenous rights organisation, Survival International. The Group meets two or three times a year and one of its main objectives is to press for ratification of ILO Convention 169 on the rights of indigenous and tribal peoples.[7]

Horwood was also the Secretary of the APPG on corporate responsibility.[8]

In March 2009, Horwood was one of several MPs used as examples by the BBC looking at the reliability of Wikipedia. He urged Wikipedia to crack down upon abuses of the open editing facility and "acts of political vandalism".[9]

In December 2010, Horwood attended the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Cancún, Mexico with fellow Liberal Democrat, then Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change, Chris Huhne.[10]

Despite having secured over 50% of the vote in the 2010 general election, with a 9.3% swing and a 3,920-vote majority, Horwood lost his seat during the national Liberal Democrat collapse in the 2015 general election, losing to the Conservative candidate Alex Chalk.[11][12] He unsuccessfully attempted to regain his seat during the 2017 general election, although he reduced Chalk's majority by 7.6%.[13]

Life after Parliament

Since 2015, Horwood has been director of engagement and impact at Development Initiatives.[14] In 2018 he also won an election to Cheltenham Borough Council, becoming councillor for the Leckhampton ward.[15]

In the 2019 European Parliament election, Horwood was selected by the Liberal Democrats to contest the six-member constituency of South West England; he was second on the party's list.[16][17] The party polled 23.2% in the constituency and Horwood was elected.[18]

As of February 2021, Horwood was a member of Cheltenham Borough Council.[19]

References

  1. ^ a b "Matin Horwood". politics.co.uk. Archived from the original on 14 September 2014. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  2. ^ "Alumni". The Richard Pate School. Archived from the original on 16 June 2019. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  3. ^ Walker, Tim (30 October 2013). "Chris Bryant in a schoolboy spat with Martin Horwood". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 18 December 2015. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  4. ^ "Martin Horwood". Humanists UK. Archived from the original on 24 January 2021. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  5. ^ "Election 2005 – Results – Cheltenham". BBC News. Archived from the original on 16 May 2006. Retrieved 6 July 2009.
  6. ^ a b "Biography on Liberal Democrat party website". Archived from the original on 29 June 2011. Retrieved 6 July 2009.
  7. ^ All-Party Parliamentary Group for Tribal Peoples website Archived 29 April 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ "Martin Horwood". Humanists UK. Archived from the original on 24 January 2021. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  9. ^ "UK politicians' Wikipedia worries". BBC News. 6 March 2009. Archived from the original on 7 March 2009. Retrieved 7 March 2009.
  10. ^ "Tuition fees: How Liberal Democrat MPs voted". BBC News. 9 December 2010. Archived from the original on 26 November 2020. Retrieved 11 January 2021.
  11. ^ "Election 2010 | Constituency | Cheltenham". BBC News. Archived from the original on 23 August 2017. Retrieved 10 June 2017.
  12. ^ "Cheltenham parliamentary constituency - Election 2017". BBC News. Archived from the original on 9 June 2017. Retrieved 10 June 2017.
  13. ^ "Cheltenham parliamentary constituency - Election 2017". BBC News. Archived from the original on 9 June 2017. Retrieved 10 June 2017.
  14. ^ "Home". Development Initiatives. Archived from the original on 18 December 2020. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
  15. ^ "Councillor Martin Horwood". Cheltenham Borough Council. Archived from the original on 29 September 2020. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  16. ^ "Our Candidates for EU Elections". Liberal Democrats. 17 April 2019. Archived from the original on 26 May 2019. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
  17. ^ "The UK's European elections 2019". BBC News. Archived from the original on 29 April 2019. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
  18. ^ Norris, Phil; Thompson, Phillip; Port, Samuel (27 May 2019). "European elections results and reaction updates". gloucestershirelive. Archived from the original on 27 May 2019. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
  19. ^ Leigh Boobyer (5 February 2021). "Police confirm two more councillors reported about 'breaching' lockdown rules". GloucestershireLive. Retrieved 30 May 2021.

External links

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Cheltenham
20052015
Succeeded by
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