Presidential Electoral College

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The Presidential Electoral College (Burmese: သမ္မတရွေးချယ်တင်မြှောက်ရေးအဖွဲ့) is an electoral college made up of MPs that elects the President of Myanmar.

Composition

It consists of three separate committees:

  1. MPs who represent the proportions of MPs elected from each Region or State (the House of Nationalities)
  2. MPs who represent the proportions of MPs elected from each township population (the House of Representatives)
  3. Military-appointed MPs personally nominated by the Tatmadaw Commander-in-Chief (the combined military representatives from both above houses of the Assembly of the Union)

Nomination and selection

Each of the three committees nominate a presidential candidate. Afterward, all the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw MPs vote for one of three candidates—the candidate with the highest number of votes is elected President, while the other two are elected as Vice Presidents. The Vice Presidents are designated as First and Second Vice President based on who received the second and third highest number of votes.

2011 election

This section is an excerpt from 2011 Myanmar presidential election § Results.[edit]

The election was held on 4 February 2011.

CandidatePartyVotes%
Thein Sein (elected president)Union Solidarity and Development Party40862.39
Tin Aung Myint Oo (elected first vice-president)Union Solidarity and Development Party17126.15
Sai Mauk Kham (elected second vice-president)Union Solidarity and Development Party7511.47
Total654100.00
Registered voters/turnout659
Source: Asia News[1]

Five Pyithu Hluttaw seats were vacant.

The elected candidates were sworn in on 30 March 2011.

2016 election

This section is an excerpt from 2016 Myanmar presidential election § Results.[edit]

The election was held on 15 March 2016.

CandidatePartyVotes%
Htin Kyaw (elected president)National League for Democracy36055.21
Myint Swe (elected first vice-president)Union Solidarity and Development Party21332.67
Henry Van Thio (elected second vice-president)National League for Democracy7912.12
Total652100.00
Registered voters/turnout657
Source: The Irrawdday[2]

Seven Pyithu Hluttaw seats were vacant.

The elected candidates were sworn in on 30 March 2016.

2018 by-election

This section is an excerpt from 2018 Myanmar presidential election § Results.[edit]

The election was held on 28 March 2018.

CandidatePartyVotes%
Win MyintNational League for Democracy40363.77
Myint SweUnion Solidarity and Development Party21133.39
Henry Van ThioNational League for Democracy182.85
Total632100.00
Valid votes63299.37
Invalid/blank votes40.63
Total votes636100.00
Registered voters/turnout65796.80
Source: Index Mundi[3]

Seven Pyithu Hluttaw seats were vacant.

Win Myint was sworn in as President of Myanmar on 30 March 2018.

References

  1. ^ "Thein Sein is Myanmar's new president". AsiaNews. 2 April 2011. Retrieved 30 December 2021.
  2. ^ "Htin Kyaw Confirmed as Next President in History-Making Vote". The Irrawaddy. 15 March 2016. Retrieved 30 December 2021.
  3. ^ "Burma Executive branch - Government". www.indexmundi.com. Retrieved 22 December 2020..